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The Hand Is the Instrument of the Mind- Motor Development Is the Foundation of Learning

Barbara Luborsky


Dr. Montessori said that the hand is the instrument of the mind. What exactly does this mean? This talk explores the foundational role of motor development as the basis for cognitive development and learning. We discuss ways to recognize delays in development in the infant and toddler population, along with discussion of the key role of early intervention in supporting children to become their best selves. We also discuss when and how to talk to parents and/or refer a child for more formal assessment.


Barbara Luborsky

Barbara Luborsky, OTR/L is a Developmental Occupational Therapist who has been working with Montessori schools and programs for the past several years, supporting inclusion. With her Montessori collaborator, Catherine Massie, the Montessori Medical Partnership for Inclusion was formed in 2018 and the website was opened. Barbara has spoken at Montessori conferences and trainings around the world, including NAMTA conferences in 2014 and 2016 and the International Montessori Congress in Prague, in 2017. Barbara continues to learn about the commonalities and differences of Montessori and occupational therapy, which offer a wonderful partnership for supporting all children in Montessori settings.

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